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Troubleshooting: Why Didn’t My Lilacs Bloom?

Hopefully,why didn’t my Lilacs bloom will help you troubleshoot a year when your Lilac bushes haven’t produced the flowers and blooms you are used to, or were hoping for, so that next year you have have beautiful, fragrant Lilac bushes year after year. Lilacs are one of my favorite late spring flowers.They are one of my favorite flowers to decorate with, and we only get them a few weeks out of the year! I love the color, the sweet smell, and the non-nonchalant way  they just hang out in a vase, knowing they are awesome. There is nothing more frustrating though than anxiously waiting, and finally, when everyone else has these bushes loaded with big, lovely,fragrant blossoms, and yours either looks incredible sparse, or there are none at all .I’ve had that happen a few times, and it’s always a bummer. I did some research, and realized it’s not just because my plants hates me, and has a personal vendetta. I found quite a few real reasons for “Why didn’t my lilacs bloom?” and how to troubleshoot them! You can also watch  a video below of some of the lilacs from my own garden.

Why didn't my lilacs bloom this year and other troubleshooting tips

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Pruning your lilacs too late, or too much or at the wrong time will prevent blooming

Late blooming Lilac on painted stoil

While you can find Lilacs that rebloom, this is actually the most common reason a traditional, once a year, Lilac shrub doesn’t bloom. The best time to prune is to deadhead them immediately after they bloom. And, I mean immediately. Don’t put it off like I do folding laundry. Improper pruning of  the common lilac a few weeks after the last blooms fade can be too late for next year’s flower buds. Lilacs set new buds right after they finish blooming the previous year. I have found the best practice is to do it when clipping flowers to bring inside my home, and pruning lilacs as you go,shaping the shrub, seems to work the best.  However, if you use them simply as yard color, and aren’t out there clipping all of the time, make sure you make a point to trim them for better blooms next year, keeping the shape of the plant, but removing spent blossoms. Otherwise you’ll eventually end up with 30-foot tall bushes with blooms just at the very top. Also, if someone decides to really go to town , and aggressively cuts the bush back to control height, sometimes it takes  few years for the plant to recover.

Why didn't my lilacs bloom this year? Troubleshooting tips for big, beautiful flowers

Find similar vase here

Another reason your Lilacs didn’t bloom could be because of a late freeze. 

If the bush is getting ready to bloom with new growth, and then you get a surprise deep freeze, this can damage the flowers and buds. If you know it’s coming, you can try covering the bush with a heavy blanket if it’s just a quick freeze, otherwise, hopefully next year, there will be better luck with the weather. For us, this is a common practice in Fall as well. Especially with Rosemary.

A Lilac bushes age and need to be pruned  to encourage new growth.

Lilacs in boho vases late blooming varieties, why lilacs don't always bloom

Lilacs can live a really long time, but can start decreasing blooms the older it gets. This is where aggressive pruning can help rejuvenate it. Lilacs set blooms on newer wood. If you have thick, round, trunk like stems, they are probably too old to produce well. Cut 1/3 of the old wood out with pruning shears(these are my favorite),and do this every year over a stretch of 3 years, and see if that helps. It should help rejuvenate the plant and  be another answer to “Why didn’t my Lilacs bloom?”.

Grab a free lilac printable and  Mother’s Day card here!

Lilacs also won’t bloom if there’s not enough light.

Lilacs need 6 hours a day of full sunlight minimum. When the shrub was planted 8 years ago, it might have been full sun, but if other trees around it have grown, it might not have enough now and there is too much shade to flower. Unless it’s small enough to transplant, or a new nursery plant  and the shade throwing tree can’t be trimmed to let more light in, it might be time to plant another lilac in a second, sunnier location.

Your lilac shrub isn’t old enough.

Depending on the variety, it may tale a few years to set real blooms after they are planted. I had a lilac that took  7 years, true story. Everything else was perfect, it just wasn’t feeling it. Finally 7 years in, it has beautiful flowers. Talk about an exercise in patience. Well, not really. I planted 3 or 4 others in the mean time that gave me flowers before that one ever did. It must have sensed my displeasure, and that was getting ready to rip it out to put something else in, and it finally got to work and produced flowers.

Lilac troubleshooting. reasons why Lilacs don't bloom or produce a lot of flowers.

Insects and viruses.

Lilacs can get various insects like scale, or borers. Most of those can be easily treated. However, if your lilac picks up a virus such as a blight, and you have multiple plants, it’s better to remove the shrubs to prevent spread. Don’t plant another lilac in its place either. Watch their green leaves for a healthy color. If they look water spotted, or lighter yellow, they might have  fungus or virus.

Lilacs can also produce a lot of greenery and leaves, and few blooms because of over-feeding/fertilizing.

Generally, what’s in the dirt is perfect for lilacs and they don’t need extra food.  In fact, too much nitrogen can hurt blooming. It will produce leaves, but not flowers. If they aren’t blooming, and you’ve ruled out everything else,you can always do a soil test to see if there is some nutrient they are missing. Epsom salts can be a way to correct  the wrong PH of soil. Make sure to test your soil first before treating.

I hope this helped answer questions as to “Why didn’t my lilacs bloom?”, and some other troubleshooting tips for big,beautiful blossoms the next year!

Why didn't my lilacs bloom troubleshooting for big, beautiful blooms! I love this terra cotta vase (resource) with the lilacs

Not enough Moisture or water

Cold winters, or dry weather can hurt  flower buds from forming. Proper watering and moisture control can help young lilacs bloom and older lilacs set their buds in in the late summer.


Love Hydrangeas? Check out this post. And read this to learn how to propagate Coleus, or this post with tips how to layer Rosemary and Lavender.


Why didn't my lilacs bloom this year? Troubleshooting wht lilacs aren't producing flowers


  1. Thx for all the good info. I’m going to be planting some lilacs soon. Love them!

  2. I love Lilacs!!!! Appreciate the tips. It seemed mine bloomed in a second then dead!! Could be frost we had !
    I will go out today and prune.
    Thanks again

  3. I love Lilacs!!!! Appreciate the tips. It seemed mine bloomed in a second then dead!! Could be frost we had !
    I will go out today and prune.
    Thanks again

  4. All good to know, my white one did not bloom this year. Going to prune these days as flowers just fade away

  5. I had been dutifully pruning my lilac after every bloom ,each year but it never did much,I’d say it’s about 10 years old. However, last year I never got around to it and my tree is covered !Maybe it finally matured enough !

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